Since the sexual revolution, women’s issues have dominated politics and society. After moving past topics like liberation from employment constraints and antiquated sexual mores, the conversations have shifted focus. In the last few decades, major health concerns for women related to reproductive health, mental health and lifestyle choices have been important topics of discussion in the public arena.
Breast cancer occurs when cells in the breast or armpit metastasize. While this cancer does not have specific symptoms, a painless lump in the breast can be an early warning sign. You should also check for swelling in the armpit, nipple changes or discharge, and changes in breast size or shape. These can be common indicators that something is amiss. All of these changes can be detected by a self-exam. A person might also get an MRI in conjunction with a mammogram, depending on the situation. An overview of treatments includes surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and targeted treatments, depending on the severity of cancer and whether it has spread to other organs. Having a low body mass index (BMI) can stack the odds in your favour. while breast cancer awareness keeps women informed about the research and treatments that are available to them.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STD)
Herpes and human papillomavirus (HPV) are both chronic conditions. While herpes might manifest itself in the form of oozing blisters and itching or pain in the groin area, the only way a person knows if they have HPV is when warts appear on the genitals or cervix. Warts that appear because of HPV can be treated with prescription drugs, and there is also a vaccine to protect against HPV. Antiviral drugs can treat symptoms or reduce herpes outbreaks. The danger for women is that contracting one or both of these conditions predisposes a person to cervical cancer. Safe sex is the key to preventing these diseases. Using condoms or dental dams reduces the chance contracting such illnesses.
At least 15 million people in the United States have had depression, and women are twice as likely to experience depression as men. One of the reasons depression might be more common in women relates to hormonal fluctuations. Symptoms include persistent sad moods, a loss of interest in activities, restlessness and irritability, feelings of worthlessness, irregular sleep patterns, fatigue and irregular dietary habits. Depression can be treated in several ways, such as prescribing antidepressant drugs, brain stimulation (ECT), and individual psychotherapy.
Many of the health issues women deal with relate to lifestyle choices, which include alcohol and tobacco consumption and use. Additionally, sedentary lifestyles contribute to more than 50 percent of women being overweight in this country. Prevention begins with adopting a healthy lifestyle that includes plenty of exercise and a balanced diet.
Women’s health continues to be an important issue in today’s environment. Thankfully, advances in medicine and technology have given women more options when it comes to prevention and treatment. More importantly, more women can protect themselves with information, which is the best armor against disease.